Photographic Credits and Sources
 

 

 

All maps are courtesy of the Handbook of American Indians, volume 13, Plains, Smithsonian Institution.

 
Who Are the Lakota? -Historical Overview

The Lakota

1. Portrait (profile) of Washi-Ta-Tonga (American Horse) 1877. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 03217, NAA INV 06531300.

2. The Omaha Dance of the Oglalas at Pine Ridge , South Dakota , 1892. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 3318 D.

   

3. View of Sitting Bull's camp. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01601517.

   

4. Women curing buffalo hides. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 09852400.

   

5. Portrait of American Horse, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 00576100.

   

6. Portrait of Standing Holy, Sitting Bull's daughter. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01602311.

   

7. Tipi camp with racks of drying meat and corn. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01602311.

   

8. Tchan-dee, Tobacco, an Oglala Chief by George Catlin. 1985.66.71 Smithsonian American Art Museum , Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.

   

9. Unidentified woman outside a tipi. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01601909.

   
Map of tribal boundaries. All maps are courtesy of the Handbook of American Indians, volume 13, Plains, Smithsonian Institution.

Sioux People

 

1. Indian encampment near Fort Laramie . National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 09825000.

   

2- Portrait of a young Santee Dakota man holding a war club. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 09860000.

Lakota/Teton

 

1. Portrait (Profile) of Chief Makhpiya-Luta or Ma-Kpe-Ah-Lou-Tah (Red Cloud or Scarlet Cloud, 1880. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 03237A, NAA INV 06535700.

   

2. Bear Butte , South Dakota , photography by Candace Greene.

Minnesota Origins  

1. Woman inside canvas-covered tipi. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01601508.

   
2.  
   

3.

   

4. Detail of Rosebud winter count, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA MS 2001-10.

   

5. Drawing of deer by Roan Eagle. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 08528134.

Westward Migration

 

1. Battle Between Sioux and Sac and Fox by George Catlin. 1985.66.545 Smithsonian American Art Museum , Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.

       

2. Drawing of buffalo hunt by Roan Eagle. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 08528107.

   

3. Drawing of a buffalo hunt. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 08510609.

   

4. Dying Buffalo , Shot with an Arrow, by George Catlin. 1985.66.407. Smithsonian American Art Museum , Gift of Mrs. Joseph Harrison, Jr.

   

5. Group of men outside masonry structure. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01603706.

   

6. Group of miners, with picks, shovels, pans, and mule train. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01603009.

Horses and Guns

 

1. Chief Iromagaja (Rain in the Face) on horseback, 1886. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01605202.

   

2. Sioux scouts in camp. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 09822700.

   

3. Drawing of buffalo hunt by Roan Eagle. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 08528107.

Conflicts

 

1. Group of miners felling trees. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 0160312.

   

2. General Nelson A. Miles and cavalry men on horseback viewing camp of tipis, January 16, 1891 . National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01605211.

 

4. Drawing by Red Horse of the Battle of the Little Big Horn. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 08568800.

   

BAE GN 03200A5 06527800 Drawing by Josepha Newcomb of Mass Burial of Natives Killed in Wounded Knee Massacre, Non-natives Nearby

   

1. Treaty Council of 1868. Left to right: Fire Thunder, Old Man Afraid of His Horses, Pipe. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. Negative 3312 A.

   

2. Drawing of Indian scout consulting with Army officer. National Anthropological Archives , Smithsonian Institution . NAA INV 08510521.

   
   
Who Are the Lakota? - Contemporary Perspectives
   

Bob Gipp

 
 

1-9. Courtesy Bob Gipp and the Teton Times.     

 
 
10-21. Placards hanging in the Standing Rock Community Center , courtesy of Bob Gipp. Original photographs from the collection of and reproduced with permission from the State Historical Society of North Dakota, except as noted.

 

Left to Right:
1952-2132 Thunder Hawk
1952-5644-a Two Bears
0051-07 Sitting Bull
1952-3466 Rain in the Face
1952-5026 One Bull
1952-5013 Mad Bear
1952-5068 John Grass
0123-10 Goose
1952-2838 Chief Gall
Chief Flying By (not SHSND)
0160-09 Bighead
Chief Big Head (not SHSND)

   

Pepper, Phyllis and Tipi Zi Young

 
   

Pepper, Phyllis and Tipi Ziwin Young 1 - 6. Photography by John Lenker.

   

7 - 22. Courtesy the Young family.

 

 
The following images are reproduced with permission of the State Historical Society of North Dakota.

 

14 - 16. Rocky Buttes, 1952-3125; 1952-3123

 

17. Rocky Buttes and Wallace Davidson, 1952-1093.

18- Theresa Yellow Lodge, 1952-3476

   

19- Theresa Yellow Lodge, 1952-3476 and Theresa Yellow Lodge, 1952-3476 1952-3270.

   

20. Winter count by Blue Thunder, SHSND 1986.234.22.

Reproduced with permission of the Heard Museum . Phoenix , Arizona .  

 

21 - 22. Blue Thunder/Yellow Lodge winter count.
 
Steve Emery  

1, 9. Photography by John Lenker.

   

2-5a,15. Courtesy Steve Emery.

   

5. Portrait of Basil Clement. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 00633300. Background, Lone Dog winter count, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution. 23/0246.

 

 

6. Portrait (front) of Tatanka Yotanka (Sitting Buffalo Bull or Sitting Bull), 1885. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 03193A, NAA INV 06672300.

7. Sitting Bull, his wives, and children, sitting outside a tipi with a mounted soldier in the background. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 09831900.

8. Sitting Bull and Agent James McLaughlin at dedication of Standing Rock, 1886. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 01603902.

 

 

10. Portrait (front) of Mato-Wa-Nahtaka (Kicking Bear), priest of Ghost Dance, March 1896. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 03253B, NAA INV 06673500.

   

11. General Nelson A. Miles. Library of Congress. LC-DIG-cwpbh-00847.

   

12. Frozen body of Chief Big Foot in snow on Wounded Knee Battlefield, January 1, 1891 . National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 00525400.

   

13. Drawing of mass burial of dead from Wounded Knee massacre. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 03200A5, NAA INV 06527800.

   

14. Portraits of Sinte Maza or Iron Tail, 1913. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 3669 A and BAE GN 3669 B.

 

 
Wilbur Flying By
   

Details of winter counts in the NAA, photography by John Lenker.

 
   
   
   

What Are Winter Counts? (Both sections.)

 
   

1. Woman scraping hide stretched in frame; brush arbor nearby. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. BAE GN 03700, NAA INV 06605800.

 

2. Portrait of American Horse; background, version of American Horse winter count. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution NAA INV 00576100; 08634000.

   

3. Portrait of Long Soldier, circa 1880s by D.F. Barry. Courtesy of the Denver Public Library. Background, Long Soldier winter count, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution. 11/6720.

   

4. Portrait of Basil Clement. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. NAA INV 00633300. Background, Lone Dog winter count, National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution. 23/0246.

   

5. Kills Two displaying a winter count, photograph by John Anderson. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution NAA INV 03494000.

   

Environment

 
 

1. Dakota landscape, 1913. Photograph by Frances Densmore. National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. Negative 4827, NAA INV 10000884.

 

2. Master Clips, SSGP2499.